Gonorrhea is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. According to the World Health Organization in 2020 alone there were millions of new cases. One of the most serious problems related to this disease is that it has become resistant, so fighting it has become difficult. It is necessary to know what gonorrhea is, what cases there are, how to take care of it and how to be cured if we suffer from it.
If you think you have been exposed to the infection, have symptoms or want to find out, we invite you to get tested immediately. If you want to know more about this disease, in this article we tell you.
This disease is caused by bacteria. It usually infects the urethra, rectum, throat, or the neck of the womb, in the case of women.
Like many other STDs, in many cases gonorrhea does not cause any symptoms. When they appear, they usually do so in the genitals. Symptoms in men and women may vary. In men it is more common to present:
- Painful urination
- Pus-like discharge from the tip of the penis
- Pain in the testicles
- Swelling in the testicles
In women it is more common:
- Have an unusual increase in vaginal discharge
- Feeling pain in the pelvic area
- Feeling pain when urinating
- Have bleeding between one menstruation and another.
Other body parts
As the Mayo Clinic explains, gonorrhea can also appear, when it has symptoms, in other parts of the body, although it is usually less common:
- Eyes: usually happens when gonorrhea is passed from mother to baby during pregnancy. It causes pain, sensitivity to light, and a pus-like discharge from the affected eye.
- Extremities: when it affects one, or several, they usually have a reddened, swollen appearance, they are hot and cause a lot of pain.
- Rectum: produces itching in the anus and, like other cases, the secretion of a liquid similar to pus. Blood stains may also appear and make it difficult to defecate.
- Throat: occurs when the lymph nodes in the neck are swollen and is usually accompanied by pain in the throat.
In recent years, 10 years or so, it has been reported from different countries, the first to do so was Japan, that this disease was becoming stronger and more resistant to antibiotics. This has increased the difficulty to eradicate it quite a bit. There are strains of this disease that are already resistant to ceftriaxone and azithromycin, they have been classified as super bacteria.
Part of the problem is that the population takes antibiotics when it is not necessary, to treat viruses or when they think they have bacteria that they really do not have, making the real bacteria much stronger, adapting them.
With this disease, it is not only necessary to make sure that you take care of yourself, but once you have identified that you have it, you must make sure that you go to the doctor so that, depending on the case, the appropriate treatment is followed.
For now, to begin with, you can do this test to find out if you have gonorrhea, among 6 other sexually transmitted diseases, and if it is positive, start treatment